1. What are special educational needs and disabilities?
Definition of Special Educational Needs and Disability
What are special educational needs?
- A child or young person has special educational needs if they have a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for them (Section 20).
- Special educational provision is provision that is additional to or different from that which would normally be provided for children or young people of the same age in a mainstream education setting (Section 21).
This definition of SEN is the same as the definition of SEN in the Education Act 1996.
You’re disabled as defined under the Equality Act 2010 if you have a physical or mental impairment that has a ‘substantial’ and ‘long-term’ negative effect on your ability to do normal daily activities.
What ‘substantial’ and ‘long-term’ mean
- ‘substantial’ is more than minor or trivial - eg it takes much longer than it usually would to complete a daily task like getting dressed
- ‘long-term’ means 12 months or more - eg a breathing condition that develops as a result of a lung infection